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Brain - Mind - Behavior axis in India

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: Dept of Neurosurgery :

NIMHANS

Neurosurgery

Department of

 Neurosurgery

Dr. M.V. Govindaswamy, the psychiatrist and superintendent of the mental hospital along with Dr. Balakrishna Rao, a general surgeon, started Neurosurgical procedures as early as 1942. Frontal Leucotomies were done to treat schizophrenia.

Dr. R. M. Varma after his neurosurgical training at Bristol U.K., started the Neurosurgery department in 1958. He encouraged Dr. G. N. N. Reddy, who had just completed the DPM to pursue neurosurgical training. After his successful training at Edinburgh U.K., Dr. Reddy joined the neurosurgery department in 1966. The two of them were instrumental in creating a separate building for clinical neurosciences the neuro center in 1973. Dr. C. Vidyasagar, after his training in Manchester U.K. and obtaining a Ph. D returned to India and joined the Neurosurgery department. At the same time Dr. V. Hemalatha, who had interest in Paediatric Neurosurgery and training in Sheffield U.K. also joined the department. These two along with Dr. A. K. Reddy, founded a structured training program and contributed to the early growth of the department. Dr. B.S. Das joined in 1981 and consolidated the early gains by his predecessors.

From two operating theatres, when the Neurocentre was started, we have now 6 operating rooms with state of the art facilities and intensive care units adjoining the operating rooms.

Postgraduate courses were started in the year 1971 with an intake of two students per year. This was increased to four students from 1977. Considering the need for trained neurosurgical manpower in the country, the intake was increased to six per year from 2001. Till date [81] students have graduated in M.Ch. Neurosurgery.

Objectives

  • To develop special techniques and expertise in Neurosurgical procedures and standardize the practice in India.
  • To develop quality human resource in the field of Neurosurgery in the country.
  • To develop inter-departmental co-ordination for activating research/projects such as Head injury, Oncology, Neurobiology, Tumor Biochemistry and Subarachnoid Hemorrhage.
  • To encourage students to undertake experimental projects on Microsurgical work as a part of their training curriculum.
  • To provide orientation training for postgraduates from various medical institutions in the country.

Human Resource Development

Courses conducted -

This is the first department in Karnataka and one of the earliest in India to offer postgraduate training in Neurosurgery leading to award M.Ch degree. This course was started in 1971. At present a maximum of 6 residency positions are available per year. The course is open to those who have completed MBBS and also to those who have done post graduation (MS) in General surgery. The duration of the course is 5 years for MBBS residents and three years for those with MS degree. The selection for the residency program is by a competitive entrance test held once a year, which is open to doctors from any where in India. The number of application for residency position has increased tremendously in recent years, testifying to the premier status of its training program. [For the details of the courses, please refer to the Prospectus.]

Short Term Training Courses -

Training for Institute Candidate The department also provides training to Post graduates in DM (Neurology), Diploma in Neuro nursing and MSc (Psychiatry Nursing ) candidates.

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Neurosurgery (M.Ch) Residents from other centers like Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute of Medical Sciences, Trivandrum, SGPGI, Lucknow are trained for 3 months during their course. Neurosurgery course students from CMC Vellore, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad and Andhra Medical College, Vishakapatnam also attend for a month duration posting. Postgraduate residents of MS General Surgery and MS (ENT) from various medical colleges in Karnataka are also trained for short term (15 days 1 month) in Neurosurgery.

Number of residents Trained -

Since inception of the training program about [81] residents have successfully completed the training program and are practicing Neurosurgery through out the world.

 

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