Nimhans Logo

NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS NIMHANS

NIMHANS

 National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences

  About Us

Director

Contact Us

Library

Publications

Site Map

Locate Us

Search  

« Home/Main Menu

: Dept of Epidemiology :

 

 

NIMHANS

DEPARTMENTS

Department of

Epidemiology

WHO Collaborating Centre for Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion

[continued from ...]

Capacity Building and Human Resource Development

   Quick  View   
 :WHO Collaborating
  Centre:

. About Us
. Mission
. Faculty
. Capacity building
and HRD

. Projects and Programmes
. Injuries in India
. Injuries in South-East Asia
. Road Traffic Injuries
. Traumatic Brain Injuries
. Suicides
. Violence
. Major contributions
. Collaboration
. Publications
. Information Dissemination
. Contact Us
India and other South-East Asian countries are facing a major challenge of inadequate number of injury prevention professionals. The centre offers opportunities for young and interested professionals to work in the area of injury prevention and safety promotion. The centre has conducted number of formal and informal capacity strengthening programmes in the areas of epidemiology, prevention and control of RTIs, TBIs, suicides and violence.

The centre has conducted number of capacity strengthening programmes for health professionals, police and transport personnel, NGOs and others in injury prevention and control. The centre has one seat of Ph.D position on a regular basis from 2007. Annual injury epidemiology-prevention and control training programmes will be conducted in the department. In collaboration with WHO, the centre has supported TEACH VIP and MENTOR VIP programmes.

Projects and Programmes

INJURIES

Injuries in India – A National perspective

The primary focus of the centre is epidemiology and prevention of unintentional (traumatic brain injuries, road traffic injuries, work related injuries) and intentional (suicides and violence) injuries. In India and South-East Asia, injuries account for an estimated 15% of total deaths and 15% of DALYs. Consequently, an estimated 1.5 million people die as a result of injuries and 15-20 million are hospitalized with resulting economic losses of 3% of GDP for the country.

Commissioned by the National Commission on Macro Economic & Health, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, the project aimed at examining the burden of injuries and violence in the Indian region for the first time. The report measures magnitude of the problem, nature and type of risk factors for each of the external causes of injuries, current level of interventions and future directions for injury prevention policies and programmes in India. The report estimates that nearly 1,000,000 persons loose their lives with 15,000,000 hospitalizations every year in India.

Injuries in South-East Asia – cause for concern and call for action

The project supported by World Health Organization South-East Asia Regional Office used a combination of exhaustive literature review and findings from a prospective study in 5 countries of India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Thailand to identify the burden and impact of injuries in rapidly developing societies. The report outlined characteristics of all types of intentional and unintentional injuries, status of pre-hospital and emergency care, extent of injury related disabilities and rehabilitation programmes along with status of policies and programmes. The first descriptive study outlines the need for injury prevention policies and programmes in South-East Asian countries on an urgent basis.

Strategic approaches to injury prevention and control in South – East Asia

A significant amount of injury burden can be reduced with existing knowledge and application of control measures. The various strategies include epidemiological assessment, recognition of risk factors and interventions built on a strategic frame work of cost effectiveness, sustainability, technological feasibility, advocacy, intersectoral collaboration and a policy framework.

Bangalore Road Safety and Injury Prevention Programme

The Bangalore Road safety and Injury Prevention Programme was started in 2008 as a joint collaborative program between NIMHANS, Bangalore City Police [Link1]   [Link2], Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation [Link], 25 hospitals from both urban and rural areas [Link] and NGOs. The program was supported and facilitated by World Health Organization, New Delhi and Geneva, Indian Council of Medical Research along with participation of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. The aim of the program is to develop and strengthen road safety and injury prevention programmes based on a scientific approach. The major components of the programme were strengthening data collection, capacity building of all sectors, improving enforcement and advocacy activities.

Systematic data collection methods have been developed in the city on RTIs from police (39 police stations) and hospital sources (25 major hospitals) . The precise mechanisms of data focus, training, collection, analysis, reporting and feedback has been established. The framework for data collection is now ready and will also be used at the national level through NCRB and other channels and also in the RS-10 states. The data collection has shifted from paper versions to web based formats to collect good quality data on a larger scale. With continuous training, the quality of data has improved significantly.

In the last 3 years, we focused on sensitization of senior police and transport personnel, while training middle and lower category officials on enforcement of road safety regulations. We conducted 16 training programmes for data collection for police personnel. In 2009 and 2010, all middle and police level officers were trained in enforcement of helmet, seat belt, drink drive and speed enforcement laws in the city. The results of these training programmes are evident with increasing enforcement and booking of violators as seen by an increase from year to year. City road (PWD) engineers were trained in development of safe roads through 6 training programmes.

Within the health sector, a strong emphasis was placed on improving data collection systems, strengthening ER services, training of doctors / nurses, and greater involvement of institutions in road safety. In the 3 years, 24 training programmes were held to improve data collection activities and 12 nodal officers meeting to develop institution activities. We also started piloting mortuary injury surveillance guidelines in the last 6 months. We wish to continue and extend this activity to all medical college hospitals and district hospitals in the coming years.

To strengthen public transport systems, we worked with one of the largest public transport systems in Bangalore and focused on data collection, training, driver’s health and safe fleet maintenance. Nearly 18 rounds of training and interactions were held with BMTC and transport department officials and staff. The results of these are also evident with the development of a road safety policy within the organization.

Large scale advocacy activities have been carried out in the last 3 years. To bring road safety high on the agenda of policy makers in Bangalore and Karnataka state, 3 annual intersectoral stake holders’s consultations have been held in the city. More than 60 articles have been published in news papers and several programmes have been aired on local and national television channels. One documentary on road safety and 2 campaigns on helmets and safe road behaviours were also undertaken in the city. We also published 3 annual reports (2008, 2009 and 2010); 10 fact sheets (injury, RTIs, Two wheeler safety, Pedestrian safety, burns, poisoning, drowning, suicides, child injury and falls); 5 public health alerts (helmets, seat belts, drinking & driving, trauma care and speed management); 4 prevention series (Education, Enforcement, Vehicle and product safety and Emergency Care) and ; “Injury and Violence in India : Facts and Figures” and “Road safety in India : A Framework for Action”. All reports can be downloaded from links given below.

This programme has been a good demonstration project to prove that road safety and injury prevention can be addressed through good data, training and capacity building, advocacy, improving trauma care, sound enforcement activities, building partnerships and other interlinked mechanisms. To strengthen it further, it requires a dedicated lead organisation, building intersectoral mechanisms, continuous funding, greater advocacy, working on focused interventions along with monitoring and evaluation.

Related Links:

National Crime Records Bureau [Link]
Ministry of Road Transport and Highways [Link]
National Highway Authority of India [Link]
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare [Link]
World Health Organization, India Office [Link]
World Health Organization, South East Asia Regional Office [Link]
Indian Council of Medical Research [Link]

 BRSIPP Partner Hospitals 

. Bangalore Baptist Hospital [Link]
. Bowring and Lady Curzon Hospital [Link]
. Chinmaya Mission Hospital [Link]
. Columbia Asia Hospital Hebbal [Link]
. Columbia Asia Hospital, Yeshwanthpur [Link]
. D.G. Hospital [Link]
. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital [Link]
. ESI hospital, Rajajinagar [Link]
. Jayanagar General Hospital [Link]
. Hosmat Hospital [Link]
. Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore [Link]
. M. S. Ramaiah Memorial Hospital [Link]
. M.S. Ramaiah Medical Teaching Hospital [Link]
. Mallige Medical Centre [Link]
. National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences [Link]
. Rajarajeshwari Medical College and Hospital [Link]
. Sagar Hospitals [Link]
. St John’s Medical College [Link]
. Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Trauma and Orthopedics [Link]
. St Martha’s Hospital [Link]
. St Philomena’s Hospital [Link]
. Suguna Hospital [Link]
. Victoria Hospital: [Link]
. Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences [Link]
. MVJ Medical College and Hospital [Link]
. Command Hospital [Link]
. Sree Siddhartha Medical College [Link]

DOWNLOAD: REPORTS [PDF Documents]

Road Safety and Injury Prevention Program: Results and learning 2007 - 2010
. Part-1
. Part-2
. Part-3
. Part-4
. Part-5

Road Safety in India: A Framework for Action [Download]
Injury and Violence in India: Facts and Figures [Download]

Bengaluru Road Safety and Injury Prevention Programme: Injury snapshots and activity profile - 2009:
. Document (Part-1)
. Document (Part-2)

Road Safety and Injury Prevention Series:
. Education
. Legislation and Enforcement
. Engineering and Environment Safety
.
Emergency and Trauma Care

Bengaluru Injury / Road Traffic Injury Surveillance Programme: a feasibility study (2008):
. Document

Fact Sheets:
. Injury
. Pediatric Safety
. Child Injury
. Suicides
. Injurie Among Elderly
. Falls
. Road Traffic Injury
. Burns
. Two Wheelers Safety
. Poisoning
Public Health Alerts:
. Helmets
. Seat belts
. Drinking & Driving
. Speed Management
. Trauma Care

 

 

<< Back Ù Top Ù Next >>

| DISCLAIMER | © 2002 - 2011  NIMHANS, Bangalore-560029, India | feedback: info@nimhans.kar.nic.in | TOP

Welcome, Today's Date: